Red-eyed Tree Frog, Agalychnis callidryas
Description: Red-eyed Leaf frogs are one of the most vividly coloured frogs in the world, with their bright red eyes, vibrant green body colour and blue-striped sides together with their orange fingers and toes. This species is a medium-sized leaf frog, with females reaching approximately 77mm in length.This is a widespread species that occurs throughout Central America from Mexico to Colombia. It is a lowland species that prefers a warm and tropical environment. Although colours may vary greatly depending on the population, this species is one of the most brightly coloured frogs of all and it is also a highly successful species that can tolerate changes to its wild habitat and can breed opportunistically.The Red-eyed leaf frog is a nocturnal species that spends most of its time in trees, and as its name suggests it spends the daytime concealed on the underside of a leaf where it relies on its camouflage to avoid detection.
Reproduction: This species will utilise any suitable body of water with overhanging vegetation to spawn, which aids in its success as a species. It breeds throughout the year. Males call and compete amongst one another for females and have several calls they emit. Between 40 to 60 eggs are laid on vegetation that over hangs water, usually on the underside of the leaf to stop the developing eggs from drying out in direct sunlight. Approximately 1 week later the tadpoles will hatch and drop into the water below to continue their development.
Distribution: Southern Mexico, Honduras, Belize, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia.
Conservation Status: Least Concern.
The Red-eyed Leaf frog is not as threatened as some other species of leaf frog, largely thanks to its large Central American distribution. However, rainforest destruction and pollution have caused significant declines in the populations of this frog, especially in Mexico. Recent studies have shown that this frog can survive to a degree in heavily deforested areas, although populations are smaller than in more natural areas.
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