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Yellow-eyed Leaf Frog

Yellow-eyed Lead Frog, Agalychnis annae

Agalychnis annaeDescription: This species of leaf frog was only scientifically described in 1963. It is a large species, with females reaching 84mm in length and males being slightly smaller. These frogs possess a beautiful golden-yellow iris and powder blue markings on the flanks and arms. As with all leaf frogs they are totally nocturnal. This species is a highland species that lives at altitudes of up to 1600m asl, therefore preferring cool temperatures. Living a high altitude may be significant in contributing to their decline in recent years, as the amphibian chytrid fungus that is responsible for many amphibian population declines thrives at a lower temperature.

Reproduction: This species breeds most frequently between the months of May and November, when males call from vegetation overhanging their breeding ponds. Once a female selects a male they produce spawn containing 40-160 eggs that are laid on the underside of a leaf growing above water. Upon hatching, the tadpoles drop into the water below to continue their development.

Conservation status: Endangered. 

Manchester Museum maintains the only legally exported specimens of this species in order to provide a captive safety net population. The University of Manchester are also actively raising funds to help support the last remaining populations in Costa Rica. The collection of wild specimens (adults, tadpoles and eggs) is strictly prohibited and all specimens are being monitored closely by the authorities to support its conservation.

Diet: Invertebrates.

Distribution: Limited to few sites around the central highlands of Costa Rica, although a  a single specimen has been previously recorded from the highlands of Western Central Panama

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