Description: The Lemur Leaf Frog is a relatively small species that rarely grows larger than around 4-5cm. It is characterized by having large silver-coloured eyes, a bright green colouration and yellow on the underside during the day and chocolate brown colouration at night. Unlike many other leaf frogs, this species has no webbing between its toes.These frogs become active at night and at this time their skin, and eye colour, changes to a shade of reddish brown. As in all leaf frogs, this species has large eyes with a vertical pupil.The Lemur leaf frog is one of the rarest frogs in the world.
Reproduction: Males call from vegetation above the ground in swampy areas or around small ponds and pools. Once a female has been attracted by a calling male, the frogs pair up in what is known as amplexus. The female carries the male on her back to a suitable site to spawn, usually on the underside of smooth leaves that overhang water, where clutches of 15-30 eggs are deposited. Development may take up to 10 days, and when this is completed the tadpoles hatch and fall from the leaf into the water below to continue their development.
Diet: Small Invertebrates.
Distribution: Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia (Very limited distribution in each country).
Conservation status: Critically Endangered
The Lemur leaf frog was once considered to be a common species in Costa Rica, but it is now only found at 1 or 2 sites in the country. All previously populations where this frog was known to live have disappeared. In Panama the frog is more common, but has still suffered significant declines to be classified as being Critically Endangered. No recent information is available regarding the status of this frog in Colombia. The Manchester Museum has been actively conserving this species for several years and captive-bred animals have been distributed to zoological collections worldwide.
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