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Ecologist Article

A great article in The Ecologist recently by Carlos Zorrilla highlighting that the fate of Ecuador’s last remaining cloud forests and hundreds of livelihoods rest on the outcome of a Rights of Nature case concerning a couple of frog species, including the rediscovered Atelopus longirostris. Both have been enlisted to stop a large-scale copper mining project that has so far been promoted by eight different Ecuadorian governments.

Read it here: If the frogs should win

Biodiversity Crisis just as important as Climate Crisis

Rediscovery Of Atelopus longirostris

Visit frogblog’s NEWS LINKS page which relates not just to frogs but to potential environmental, cultural, and social injustices, some of which are not being shared in mainstream media. 

Winter Wildlife

This year has been tough and tragic for so many, but one positive has been the chance to reconnect with our wildlife and green spaces. Besides boosting positive emotions, connecting with nature also offers physical and mental health benefits, directly reducing stress levels.

Perhaps we should think about it as an overarching beneficial loop – the greater connection we have with nature, the more we are likely to care for it, and in turn through that connection nature will help care for us. Now more than ever it’s vital to reconnect with nature for our physical, mental, and emotional health.

In winter, like much of the wildlife, it’s very easy to slip into cosy hibernation mode, but at this time of year life can be particularly hard for wildlife that’s not hibernating, or that should be. Days are short and for many creatures finding enough food to survive takes up almost every moment of daylight.

There are many things you can do to support wildlife at this time of year. Have a look at these five top tips to make your garden a haven for wildlife throughout winter. And here are some more ideas from the Scottish Wildlife Trust.

​Alternatively, why not foster a little creature yourself this winter? Many wildlife centres are crying out for people to help foster some of there injured or rehabilitating little animals, such as the great initiative set up by Preston Hedgehog Rescue. Mark and Kirsty, and their small army of volunteers at this rescue are unbelievable in their 100% dedication to saving wildlife – they deserve a medal for the countless hours of work they put in each day and the number of animals they are helping rehabilitate. It really is a wonderful wildlife rescue initiative and one I would highly recommend.

Donations, and fundraising events are great ways to support nature charities that are actively supporting wildlife through the winter, so give them a thought and help to preserve our embattled wildlife this winter.


DONATE BY PAYPAL TO SUPPORT WILDLIFE THIS WINTER: rehabilitators@prestonhedgehogsrescue.co.uk


Coronavirus spreads to Wildlife

6 months ago it was highlighted that COVID-19 was passed to captive mink in Denmark by humans and then passed back to them after it had mutated. The new strain has the potential to spread rapidly, as did the initial COVID-19 virus, and be undetected due to its similarity with the current strain. The new strain may render human vaccines useless.

Let us hope that it is well contained and that other captive animals, especially mammals at greater risk in captivity around the world, including ferrets, do not spread COVID-19 or allow it to mutate even further. If coronavirus spreads to wildlife through ferrets or mink escapees then it could mean devastation for many our native species, including other related mustelids such all as our wild weasels, stoats, badgers, and otters. 


THANK YOU DEFRA –  was it right to re-open zoos?

David Attenborough on the reason for new pandemics 

New Butterfly Atlas for 2021

A new way to explore Cornwall’s butterflies: your chance to get involved

In 2021, Cornwall Butterfly Conservation will publish a new atlas on the state and status of the county’s butterflies. Lavishly illustrated, Butterflies of Cornwall: Atlas for the Twenty-first Century will be the go-to book on butterfly population trends and distribution from Bude to Land’s End, and will include a chapter on the Isles of Scilly. 

Following the runaway success of the 2003 A Cornwall Butterfly Atlas, now out of print, the new Butterflies of Cornwall brings together the latest information with stunning images. You can find out more about the new atlas here.

The Cornwall branch of Butterfly Conservation invite you to be a Major Donor for Butterflies of Cornwall. Alternatively, for a larger donation, you can choose to be a Premium Sponsor:

 Download information about how to be a Major Donor or a Premium Sponsor

Ensure your contribution is properly recorded and acknowledged


Back on our map

Duke of Burgundy (Hamearis lucina) © Andrew Cooper
Duke Of Burgundy butterfly © Andrew Cooper

Last week I spent the day helping out the Back On Our Map (BOOM) team, by planting cowslips at Gait Barrows nature reserve in Silverdale in order to re-establish habitat for the endangered Duke of Burgundy butterfly. Found only in England, the Duke of Burgundy has declined in numbers significantly since the 1970’s, now remaining in only a few strongholds in South Cumbria and the North York Moors.

Gait Barrows is an area where there has previously been a healthy population, however the numbers have declined here too due to disturbance to the limestone pavements which has caused changes to the vegetation in the area and climate change causing extreme weather conditions during the flight period.

Freshly planted cowslip © Bethany Dean

Cowslips are one of only two species of plant that the Duke of Burgundy will use to  lay their eggs on, hiding them on the underside of the leaves, which the caterpillars eat away at once they have emerged. The reserve management, BOOM staff and volunteers have been growing cowslips over the summer ready to plant in the autumn months.

The Duke of Burgundy butterfly is very particular about the location of the cowslips, preferring bunches of plants that are in tucked away in sunny areas usually backed by a rocky feature or tussocks of grass, which provides an amount of shelter from harsh weather and grazing animals. The cowslips planted will hopefully restore the loss of cowslips caused presumably during the limestone destruction.

Limestone pavements of Gait Barrows © Bethany Dean

Gait Barrows is a beautiful reserve, which is extremely diverse in habitats and the species it hosts. The reserve has expansive limestone pavements, which is home to an array of plants which inhibit the grikes and thrive in the micro-climates they provide. Ancient but miniature trees grow from the grikes, stunted in growth by the lack of nutrients in the rocky terrain, making this afascinating landscape.

In May the area will be monitored by the BOOM team for flying adult butterflies and the cowslips will be monitored in June and July for evidence of damage caused by the caterpillars, which make small round holes in the underside of the leaves. Damage by Duke of Burgundy caterpillars can be distinguished easily from other animals as they never damage the leaf veins. Fingers crossed there will be news of the presence of butterflies and caterpillars in the coming Spring and Summer!







The future of all life depends on young people gaining the knowledge, skills and passion for nature necessary to build a more sustainable future. Whether you are a young person, an educator, a youth worker or a parent, these resources and opportunities are your portal to a deeper understanding of our planet, and the role of young people in shaping its future:



Toolkit for Biodiversity action

Learning with Lucy


Saving our Planet

Life on our Planet

From aquarium to vivarium… a little about me

I’m Bethany and I am pleased to introduce myself as the new curatorial assistant here at the Manchester Museum Vivarium. Last year I completed my bachelor’s degree in animal welfare and behaviour at the University of Central Lancashire during which I carried out my dissertation on the activity and visibility of different species of poison dart frogs before and after introducing environmental enrichment to their habitats. During this project I watched my frog subjects for over 400 hours and subsequently learnt the individual personalities of each, so if I didn’t love frogs before, I certainly do now!

During my degree I volunteered at a number of small zoos and aquariums in the North West before becoming an aquarist at the Lakes aquarium in Cumbria where I stayed for over three years, gaining experience in caring for fish, reptiles, amphibians and mammals. For the last two years I have also helped out my local native amphibians as a toad patroller in the Lancashire and Cumbria areas.

My love for wildlife started young, largely through my parents who always enjoyed nature and wildlife and encouraged my own interest. Over the years I was lucky enough not only to have a variety of animals in the home but also to see many species on family holidays.

Namely, one experience that stayed with me was a trip to Costa Rica in 2005 where I was able to see first-hand the life that thrived in the rainforests, some of which species I am now able to work with at the vivarium.

Ten later years, during my own travels when backpacking in Mexico, Central America, the Philippines and South East Asia I was not only able to experience the native wildlife but also the destruction caused to many habitats and witnessed the threats facing many species which inspired me to want to make a difference.

I am excited to start my journey at the museum, to care for a host of amazing species and share my passion for animal care, wildlife and conservation and hope to share many more frog blog posts in the future!

Food for thought (2)

We have known for years that it’s a spider eat spider world. Males get attracted to females, do their job well and get eaten up as par for the course. Spiders have veracious sex lives, and appetites. Spiders are cool, super intelligent, and jumping spiders more than most. But it seems these little creatures are looking for more than just a good jump. Actually, it seems things are a changing diet wise – did you know 20% of male M. sociabilis eat the females –  not sure where that latin name came from but that doesn’t seem so sociable to me.

Ctenidae (wandering spider) eating a tree frog, Ecuador (c) Andrew Gray

Spiders have a varied diet, they will eat almost anything that moves that they can tackle. Some I have seen on my travels will attack, kill, and eat prey items much larger than themselves, including large frogs. In fact in the neotropics amphibians make up a very large part of the food source of arachnids.


Cupiennius getazi (family Ctenidae) feeding on a Scinax eleaochroa, Costa Rica (c) Amanda Bamford

From tadpoles predated upon by water-surface frequenting huntsman spiders to aggressive wolf spiders and sit and wait Ctenids inside bromeliads looking for metamorphs to emerge then consume, they represent a formidable predator of our amphibian friends. But that’s life, and death, and nature. Only the trees that we stand beneath and watch the tree frogs call in and the spiders make their fine webs on will still be there after we all are gone. The trees are what we need to revere and champion for the future for they behold the lives of so many species.



Life in Lockdown

COVID and Great Apes at risk

Thank you DEFRA